Fauci says herd immunity possible by fall, ‘normality’ by end of 2021

Posted On Mar 1 2021 by

first_imgThe nation’s top infectious disease doctor offered a timeline for ending the COVID-19 pandemic this week, saying that if the coming vaccination campaign goes well, we could approach herd immunity by summer’s end and “normality that is close to where we were before” by the end of 2021.Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said on Wednesday that that estimate is dependent on significant numbers of Americans being willing to be inoculated with one of several vaccines in various stages of development. If 75 percent to 80 percent of Americans are vaccinated in broad-based campaigns likely to start in the second quarter of next year, then the U.S. should reach the herd immunity threshold months later. If vaccination levels are significantly lower, 40 percent to 50 percent, Fauci said, it could take a very long time to reach that level of protection.“Let’s say we get 75 percent, 80 percent of the population vaccinated,” Fauci said. “If we do that, if we do it efficiently enough over the second quarter of 2021, by the time we get to the end of the summer, i.e., the third quarter, we may actually have enough herd immunity protecting our society that as we get to the end of 2021, we can approach very much some degree of normality that is close to where we were before.”Fauci spoke at an online “When Public Health Means Business” event sponsored by the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and the New England Journal of Medicine. He addressed an array of topics from how he handles frustration over people who refuse basic, life-saving, public health measures, to why masks will continue to be needed even after vaccination starts (the vaccines haven’t yet been shown to stop transmission).“As a public health official … it would be unconscionable to walk away from this or to throw up your hands in frustration,” Fauci said. “It’s not about me and how I feel; it’s about what the problem is. And the problem is enormous. … You just have to suck it up and keep going.”Fauci was introduced by Chan School Dean Michelle Williams, who said the level of noncompliance with basic and straightforward public health measures makes her think the nation has become numb to COVID-related illness and death. That could be a dangerous thing, she said, if it translates into an unwillingness to take a vaccine. Recent Pew surveys, she said, indicate that Americans who say they would take the vaccine rose to 60 percent in November from 51 percent in September, a figure that’s nonetheless dangerously low if the goal is to reach levels high enough to virtually stop the transmission and end the pandemic.“Saving lives is now a race against the clock. Let each of us … do the right thing,” Williams said, “because we simply cannot afford to go numb.”The afternoon event was the second at Harvard on Wednesday focused on COVID vaccines. The first, hosted by the Harvard Medical School-led Massachusetts Consortium on Pathogen Readiness, or MassCPR, featured several experts on various aspects of the pandemic discussing vaccine trials and distribution efforts, as well as health disparities and ways to reach minority communities and encourage vaccine acceptance. “As a public health official … it would be unconscionable to walk away from this or to throw up your hands in frustration. … You just have to suck it up and keep going.” — Anthony Fauci Skeptics’ refusal may be big hurdle to ending pandemic, returning to normal Another unanswered question is whether the vaccines, whose trials have shown that they prevent people from getting seriously ill and dying of COVID-19, also prevent people from becoming infected in the first place and, importantly, from passing the virus on to others. It could be the case, Fauci said, that even if the vaccines don’t prevent infection, they keep virus levels so low that they do prevent transmission. Those outstanding questions, however, are why masking, distancing, and other public health measures will be needed even by people who have been vaccinated until we know the answers.“We’re going to find out from follow-up studies,” Fauci said. “We should not say that vaccines are a substitution for public health measures; [they’re] a complement to public health measures.” U.S. failed to control pandemic, but vaccination provides ‘chance to get next phase right’ Chan School’s Barry Bloom puts vaccine news into context Related A public-relations campaign to build trust in COVID vaccine? HMS Dean George Daley, who hosted the MassCPR event, said that successful development and deployment of COVID-19 vaccines show “science, medicine, and public health at its best” but warned that overconfidence about a preventative treatment can be as dangerous as mistrust.“Vaccine mistrust is dangerous, but so is overconfidence,” Daley said. “We need to be wary of the dangers of magical thinking, of seeing vaccines as a silver bullet. Vaccines will not offer an overnight solution. We have to temper our optimism with a dose of reality and brace ourselves for many more months of infection prevention and distancing measures as the vaccines are rolled out.”Experts discussed the news of adverse reactions to the Pfizer vaccine that had been thought to be overwhelmingly safe. British authorities on Wednesday recommended that people prone to severe allergic reactions avoid the treatment, which this week became the first approved for distribution after the conclusion of clinical trials in a Western nation. Two British health care workers who were inoculated early developed severe allergic reactions. Also on Wednesday, Canada approved the vaccine for distribution, while on Thursday, a U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel endorsed the Pfizer vaccine for U.S. distribution, with final approval expected soon.Both Fauci and experts at the MassCPR event said that rare, serious side effects like the allergic reactions sometimes occur once a vaccine is widely distributed because it reaches many more people than a clinical trial, including some with health issues or genetic profiles that make them susceptible to severe reactions. That’s why vaccines are monitored even after they go out to the general population. That’s also partly why the U.S. is backing multiple vaccine efforts, in hopes that rare side effects observed with one vaccine will be absent with another, Fauci said.“These are the kinds of things that happen when you implement large vaccine programs,” Fauci said. “You’re talking about millions of individuals getting vaccinated, so you may start seeing effects in some that might not have been picked up when you were dealing with thousands.”The allergic reactions did not prompt a recommendation to halt vaccinations, but rather to heighten vigilance so that people prone to severe allergic reactions not take the vaccine or take it only with medical help nearby in case a severe reaction occurs.Former Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Margaret Hamburg, who appeared at the MassCPR event, said a key ethical question emerging as the U.S. moves toward vaccine approval will be whether to offer the vaccine to those enrolled in the clinical trials’ placebo group. On one hand, she said, early trial results have shown the vaccine to be more effective than hoped for and vaccination — particularly of those at high risk — might be desired. But on the other hand, important questions about the duration of the vaccine’s protection and about late-emerging side effects might be answered if the trial runs its planned two years. Inoculating those in the placebo arm of the trial would eliminate an unvaccinated population against which to compare the vaccinated participants’ results. Experts say smooth rollout possible although highly complex ‘A terrific first start’ The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news.last_img read more


Rio Ferdinand and Martin Keown rate Gabriel’s Arsenal debut performance

Posted On Oct 18 2020 by

first_img Comment Gabriel impresses Rio Ferdinand and Martin Keown in goalscoring Arsenal debut Ferdinand and Keown were both impressed with Gabriel’s display (Picture: BT Sport)Picking Gabriel as his Man of the Match, he added: ‘I’m going to go for an area that is an area Arsenal have needed serious attention in and it’s Gabriel. For me you get a clean sheet, you score on your debut, you come in and are as dominant as he was.‘I know he wasn’t asked too many questions, but he’s my Man of the Match. Really happy to see a player of that quality going into the Arsenal defence.’Gabriel lined up in the centre of Arsenal’s back three against Fulham with Rob Holding and Kieran Tierney either side of him, while fellow debutant Willian also performed well and was involved in all three goals.AdvertisementAdvertisementMORE: Emiliano Martinez demands massive Arsenal pay-off as he’s left out of squad vs FulhamMORE: Dani Ceballos squares up to Arsenal teammate Eddie Nketiah during heated pre-match warm upFollow Metro Sport across our social channels, on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.For more stories like this, check our sport page. Advertisement The Brazilian netted his side’s second goal against Fulham on Saturday (Picture: Getty Images)Gabriel made the perfect start to his Arsenal career, scoring and keeping a clean sheet in a 3-0 win against Fulham, and has already impressed two legendary Premier League centre-backs.With David Luiz injured, the summer signing from Lille was picked to start away at Craven Cottage on Saturday and gave an excellent display at both ends of the pitch.As well as keeping a clean sheet and restricting Fulham to barely any chances of note, the defender made 113 passes – the most of any player – and capped his display with a fine headed goal from a corner.center_img Gabriel rose high above Fulham’s defence to head in Willian’s corner (Picture: Getty)The 22-year-old appears to have taken to the Premier League like a duck to water and former Manchester United defender Rio Ferdinand feels he will provide much more security at the back for Arsenal, though surprisingly was less impressed by his work on the ball.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTAsked how the Brazilian had fared after a shaky start, Ferdinand said on BT Sport: ‘Yeah with the ball he looks a little bit… not nervous, but he’s just not accustomed so much to playing in a three as well maybe and new teammates.‘But I thought he grew into it and defensively he’s looked very, very, very sound and very solid. So hopefully more of that to come from Arsenal’s perspective.’He later added: ‘They’ve got two new centre-backs who have come in, Gabriel who played today and looked very, very good, very solid – has all the attributes you want to see in a centre-back.‘And they’ve got William Saliba to come in, another young centre-half. And that’s what they’ve been searching for, players who can bring that consistency. Gabriel for me today he got Man of the Match, and deservedly so.’More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing ArsenalFormer Arsenal centre-back Martin Keown was even more glowing in his assessment and felt Gabriel gave a very strong showing on his debut, also naming him as the Man of the Match.‘He’s looked a dominant figure from the off,’ said the former Invincible on commentary duty during the game.‘Some talk about maybe some nervousness in his passing, I wouldn’t have thought he’d played in the middle of a three on too many occasions. But once he got into the game we saw the quality that he has.’ Metro Sport ReporterSaturday 12 Sep 2020 2:34 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link1.3kShares Advertisementlast_img read more


World Food Day: Five international sports stars who’ve turned vegan

Posted On Sep 16 2020 by

first_img FOLLOW US Devika Pawar Written By 10 months ago Virat Kohli hailed by former cricketers for ‘run-machine’ like form Last Updated: 16th October, 2019 15:47 IST World Food Day: Five International Sports Stars Who’ve Turned Vegan On the account of World Food Day, let’s take at vegan international sports stars like Virat Kohli, Serena Williams, Lewis Hamilton, Sunil Chhetri & Fabian Delph WATCH US LIVE 10 months ago Temba Bavuma’s 3-year-old tweet on watching Virat Kohli bat comes true 10 months ago Virat Kohli set to topple Steve Smith as the world’s No.1 Test batsman LIVE TV Most sports stars follow rigorous diets to maintain a healthy lifestyle. As a vegan diet has a variety of health benefits, many sports stars adopt the plant-based diet. According to the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, a vegan diet consists of low saturated fats and cholesterol, which improves blood thickness and helps more amount of oxygen reach the muscles, positively affecting an athlete’s performance. As October 16 is celebrated as World Food Day, here are five sports stars who have adopted a vegan diet.  1. Virat Kohli – Cricketer In 2018, Indian Cricket team captain Virat Kohli decided to forego protein sourced from non-vegetarian food. The cricketer, who liked having biryani, now has a diet that consists of protein shakes, vegetables and soya. Kohli’s diet has had a positive impact on his game. According to reports, the Indian cricket team captain felt stronger after the diet started, and was not missing meat or dairy.2. Lewis Hamilton – Formula 1 ChampionThe popular F1 racer has been a vegan since 2017. Along with adopting a healthier lifestyle, Hamilton also wanted to boycott animal cruelty and stop damaging the planet. In an interview, he admitted that he finds the cruelty ‘horrible’ and wants to live a healthier lifestyle. Hamilton turned to veganism after being a pescatarian for years.Also read | Superfoods: Here Are 5 Food Items You Should Include In Your Diet3. Serena Williams – Tennis PlayerSerena Williams opted a vegan lifestyle in 2014. The player wanted to lead a healthy lifestyle and believed that it is good to clean out our system. Her sister, Venus Williams, is also vegan. Venus had to adopt a raw vegan diet after being diagnosed with Sjögren’s syndrome. Also read | Tomato: How Does Tomato Help In Weight Loss? | Benefits Of Tomato Diet4. Sunil Chhetri – Football PlayerAfter Virat Kohli, it was the Indian football team captain Sunil Chhetri who turned vegan. In an interview, Chhetri said that he became aware during an event with football club Sporting Lisbon in 2013. The 35-year-old footballer is now more aware of what he consumes. He also thinks that one should be aware of what works best for one’s body, and following a diet can help in the long run.Also read | Whey Protein: How To Use The Protein Drink For A Fitter Lifestyle5. Hannah Teter – Olympic snowboarder The American Olympic gold medalist is also a vegan. Teter became a vegetarian after watching the movie Earthlings, and then later switched to the vegan lifestyle. In an interview, Teter said that her diet has helped her reach ‘a whole other level’. The snowboarder felt mentally, physically, and emotionally after starting her plant-based diet.Also read | Keto Diet: Know What Food To Eat In Your Weight Loss Plan COMMENT 10 months ago Anushka Sharma and Virat Kohli’s adorable tweets that fans crush over First Published: 16th October, 2019 15:47 IST WE RECOMMEND SUBSCRIBE TO USlast_img read more


Oly Town Artesians Earn 10-8 Victory over Wenatchee Fire

Posted On Aug 6 2020 by

first_imgFacebook0Tweet0Pin0Submitted by Oly Town ArtesiansMatt Stalnik’s hat trick and a pair of goals from both Greg Wolfe and Nate Salveson led the Oly Town Artesians to the first win in franchise history, a 10-8 victory over the Wenatchee Fire on Saturday night at Olympia Indoor Soccer.In a brutal first fifteen minutes that saw four blue cards issued to the two teams, Matt Stalnik started the scoring for the Artesians midway through the first quarter with a power play goal on an assist by Luke Chouinard. Minutes later, on another power play, the Wenatchee Fire got on the board thanks to a Josh Alvarez goal with 5:15 left in the quarter. The two teams went to the first break knotted up at one.But the floodgates opened in a wild second quarter that saw 10 goals scored. Stalnik started it off again with a screamer that found the back of the net with just 50 second gone in the period. But Wenatchee would take their only lead of the game behind goals by Matthew Stafanko at the 13:30 mark and another goal by Alvarez with 12:20 left in the quarter.Down 3-2, the Artesians went on a four goal run to take the lead for good. Nate Salveson started the run with a goal off of a free kick with 10:37 left in the second quarter. Greg Wolfe scored at the 7:40 mark and less than a minute later, Martin Ramirez got on the scoresheet to put the Artesians up 5-3. Wolfe scored again on a pass off the boards from Salveson to extend the Artesians lead to 6-4.Juan Barboza scored a power play goal for the Fire at the 2:13 mark of the second and then Oly and Wenatchee traded goals in the final minute, the first an Artesians goal by Salveson. Alex Espinoza finally finished off a crazy second quarter with 23 seconds left and Oly went to the locker room with a 7-5 lead.Once again, Stalnik started the scoring with a goal in the first minute of the period off an assist by Ramirez to put the Artesians up 8-4. Wenatchee answered back with a goal by Yonathan Rodriguez with 11 minutes left in the third but Mike Rancipher and Brady Espinoza each tallied the only other goals of the quarter and Oly took a 10-6 lead into the fourth quarter.Goals by Mauricio Perez and Hernan Menoza got the Fire to within two at 10-8 with eight minutes left but Artesians goalkeeper Mauricio Sanchez made amazing save after amazing save the rest of the way and Oly held on, 10-8, for their first ever franchise victory. Sanchez finished the night with 23 saves and was fantastic between the pipes despite the eight goals against.The Artesians moved to 1-1-0 (3 points) while the Wenatchee Fire dropped to 1-1-1 (4 points). Oly Town takes their first road trip of the season when they visit the Arlington Aviators on Saturday, December 13th while Wenatchee plays host to first place Tacoma.last_img read more