Development and Innovations are the key to success and that applies for sports as much as everything else in life..When we talk about sports and innovations in some of the most followed and played sports worldwide, cricket and tennis come to mind instantly. While football is slowly getting there, these are easily the two most advanced sports that uses technology heavily.However, if you break it down further, the gentleman’s game has a slight edge over tennis. Cricket, over the years, has evolved immensely and the governing body – the International Cricket Council (ICC) has not shied away from experimenting and keeping the game relevant to the crowd these days.The latest such innovation is Day-Night Tests. It has finally reached the ‘home’ of cricket as England take on West Indies at Edgbaston in their first-ever pink-ball cricket. It is also the fourth-ever in the history of the game. The first-ever was played between Australia and New Zealand in Adelaide in 2015. The Aussies beat the BlcakCaps by three wickets on that historic occasion. The other two were when Australia beat Pakistan at Brisbane in 2016 in a thriller by just 39 runs and when Pakistan beat the Windies by 56 runs at Abu Dhabi in October, 2016.England all-rounder Stuart Broad said that they’re ‘stepping into the unknown’ with this one as they have no idea how things will work. So, here’s a look at all the other innovations in the game of cricket over the years:AUSTRALIA VS SOUTH AFRICA (INDOOR ODI)advertisementReuters PhotoExactly 17 years ago today, Australia played South Africa in three-match Super Challenge series at the Docklands stadium in Melbourne. It was a historic occasion as it was the first-ever time a game was played under the closed roofs of a stadium. The weather during those times was not great and that was one of the reasons that the ICC decided to give a go ahead as well for staging the match. Australia, riding on Michael Bevan and Steve Waugh’s centuries, scored 295/5 from the their 50 overs. In reply, South Africa struggled right from the word go and ended up with 201/7 from their full quota of overs.TECHNOLOGICAL INVENTIONSTHIRD UMPIREThe third umpire debuted in cricket in 1992. South Africa was playing India at the Kingsmead, Durban. The first victim of this technology turned out to Sachin Tendulkar, when he was run-out by Jonty Rhodes for 11. With time more technology like Hawk-Eye, Hotspot and other technology also came in that would help the third umpires in taking difficult decisions.POWERPLAYEarlier, fielding restrictions were there for the first 15 overs — where the fielding team could only keep two fielders outside the 30-year circle. But with time it changed and was changed again. The powerplay system came in, where both the batting and bowling team can decide when to use them, according to their advantage, The first 10 overs were mandatory, where there would be only two fielders outside the 30-yard circle and then the teams could choose five overs each according to their will.Now, five fielders are allowed in the last ten overs of the game and between overs 11-40, teams can keep four fielders outside.DECISION REVIEW SYSTEM (DRS)Reuters PhotoThis was a much complicated and not so well appreciated innovation when it first came into the game in 2009. It was first used during the first Test match between New Zealand and Pakistan Dunedin. The first time it was used in ODIs was in the 2011 World Cup. This allows the batsmen in the crease or the fielding side to take a video review and take the call to the third umpire if they are unhappy with the on-field umpires decision.The third umpire then looks at the video replays including Snicko and hotspot for edges and where the ball pitches and where’s it heading for LBWs and then give the decision.As of now each team gets two reviews for the first 80 overs and if the review is unsuccessful and the umpires decision stays, they lose it. However, it’s topped up after 80 overs again. But according to the latest rules, ‘umpires call’ decisions in LBWs won’t result in a loss of review come October 1 and there will also be no top ups if the teams lose their reviews.SPIDER CAMAP PhotoThis perhaps is the best innovation in the history of the game for the viewers.Here a camera hangs mid-air tied to the various bars around the stadium. It can be rotated and almost cover the whole ground and bring in different angles of the pitch and help the viewers watching from home get a much closer and dynamic view of what’s happening on the field of play. It basically gives the viewers a birds-eye view of the stadium.advertisementThis was used first in cricket in the new defunct Indian Cricket League and the Indian Premier League adopted the system in 2010 in the semi-finals. It’s used widely now and is very poular feature across various sports.THE CARD SYSTEMMuch like football, umpires can now send off players if they feel that they are not behaving properly on the field.Umpires can now give a ‘Red card’ to a player and the person will have to leave the field of play.Threatening an umpire, physically assaulting another player, umpire, official or spectator; or any other act of violence will be a sending-off offence and that will result in a team being reduced to 10 players for the remainder of the match.UNSUCCESSFUL CHANGESSUPER-SUBUnlike a normal substitute player, who could only field, the Supersub was a substitute player able to come on and replace any player at any point during the game and the person would also be able to take over the substituted player’s batting and bowling duties.This was being experimented in ODIs between July 2005 and February 2006. It was criticized by the captains and in 2006 after protest by the players this rule was withdrawn by the ICC.INDOOR ODIThe concept never worked because it took the essence of the game away from it.The primary problem was that if a ball hits the roof of the stadium, it would be adjudged as a ‘no-ball’ and will have to be re-bowled again. Now, the batsmen had a fair point when he said that he could have got ‘six’ runs from the shot and it’s unfair for him to lose out on that.Not only that, the pitch, under the lights would behave definitely and it could play to the advantage of the batting team as there might be little or no movement with the new ball because of no air. Even the fielding team would have advantage as there would be no dew involved and it would generally help the spinners grip the ball better and be more effective.
From indoor ODI to Day-Night Tests: Innovations in cricket
Last Updated on: November 18th, 2019 at 9:36 pm, by