How the Struggle for Water Gave Birth to Modern Hollywood

Posted On Aug 30 2019 by

first_imgImagine this: it’s 1900 and you live in Hollywood. You are one of a population of a few hundred. In the village, you can shop in two markets. Other amenities in your surroundings: a local post office and a hotel that hasn’t been built yet. The closest to civilization is Los Angeles, separated by seven miles of loose road connection and vast fields of orange groves. However, it took Hollywood less than two decades to spur a thriving city life and become the hot seat of the fast-growing film industry.Glen-Holly Hotel, the first hotel in Hollywood, at the corner of what is now called Yucca Street. It was built in the 1890s.Two factors were key: the interest of the industry to migrate west, and sufficient infrastructure in an area that faced issues such as proper access to water.Slowly the jigsaw was being fitted together. The first section of the Hollywood Hotel, an elegant wooden palace surrounded by lemon gardens, opened its doors at the end of 1902.Two years later transportation in the area improved too with the building of Prospect Avenue, which later became Hollywood Boulevard.The intersection of Hollywood and Highland, 1907.One by one, filmmakers, attracted by lower taxes, began abandoning the East coast and settling in the village. Labor was also more affordable and combined with the scenic beauty of the region it seemed not much was missing. Bonus point for all that California sunshine.Newspaper advertisement for Hollywood land sales, 1908.In 1910, D.W. Griffith used Hollywood village as the setting for his movie In Old California. The very first piece filmed in future Tinseltown. Four years later, Cecil B. DeMille debuted as a director after filming the Squaw Man, also there. Sooner rather than later, Hollywood was the thriving, vibrant new center of American cinematography.Publicity portrait of Cecil B. DeMille. On the back has been written: “Cecil B. DeMille, director of special productions for Artcraft Pictures.”It was the dream city of aspiring young artists, who, lured by fortune and fame, relocated in the city and sought jobs in acting. At the same pace, small independent filming studios mushroomed, initially struggling to even survive year one. As the film industry evolved, so these little entities became the giants that would dictate their own next steps.Nestor Studio, Hollywood’s first movie studio, 1912.If there was but one central issue that threatened the future of Tinseltown it was water shortage. Due to this ongoing issue, local residents opted for Hollywood to be administered by the City of Los Angeles.By striking contrast, Los Angeles homed a population of over 100,000 at the turn of the century. The city was about to commence building a new aqueduct system. But the Owens Valley Aqueduct, as the project became known, was not going to pass without calamities.The fertile Owens Valley was controlled by the U.S. Reclamation Service and was originally planned to provide water to local farmers living in the area of the valley.Two men examining a kit of dynamite and wire found during sabotage incidents of Owens Valley Aqueduct, Southern California, c. 1924.An attempt to build an irrigation system for them was blocked by William Mulholland, the chief engineer whose single job was to secure water for the greater Los Angeles area.Mulholland used deceitful tactics to win the dispute that arose with the farmers. The case was brought to Washington D.C., but the decision ultimately ruled in favor of L.A.The aqueduct construction was a gigantic construction project. The long miles required a workforce of thousands and the effort lasted from 1907 until 1913. The conflict between Mulholland and the group of angry farmers persisted for a little longer than that.Mulholland Drive signpost.A climax point came in 1924 when the opposition tried to sabotage the water system with explosives and reroute the water to the Owens River.They didn’t achieve success in the long run, however. By the mid-1920s most of the available water was in the ownership of the City of Los Angeles and nothing, not even dynamite, could now threaten the city’s glorious rise.Hollywoodland: A sign advertises the opening of the Hollywoodland housing development in the hills on Mulholland Drive overlooking Los Angeles. Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, c. 1924. The white building below the sign is the Kanst Art Gallery, which opened on April 1, 1924. Photo by Underwood Archives/Getty ImagesDotted with fanciful hotels and bars that imitated exorbitant movie sets, by the 1920s, Hollywood was all set to live long and prosper. Its vast boulevards became adorned with high palm trees.Glamorous neighborhoods started sprouting up too, now the home of a new elite that could hardly ever see a dent in their wallet.Read another story from us: A Tinseltown Tragedy – Hollywood’s Most Notorious AffairEach week, their machinery hurried 40 million fellow Americans to check what’s new in theaters. A brave new tinsel-world.last_img read more


Reddick understands much of this weekend is about

Posted On Aug 11 2019 by

first_imgReddick understands much of this weekend is about the coaches throwing as much as they can at players in an effort to see who can learn quickly and improve their game.“To see who’s really going home and studying, who really wants to be here,” he said. “You get to weed out who’s just out here and who’s seriously trying to make a living.”Though his roster spot is not exactly up for debate, Reddick plants himself squarely in the latter group. He is trying to be a leader on the field because, as he said, it is his job, both as a middle linebacker and a first-round draft pick.He won’t get it all down in one practice, but with his first on-field experience as a Cardinal in the books, the former Temple star is pleased.“Very nice, just to see how things are going to go, what’s being expected of you, what’s the tempo like, what mistakes you’re making,” he said. “So that you can try to come back and correct them the next day.”Impressive startsOverall, Arians said on Friday he was very impressed with his group, with the team’s draft choices as well as some undrafted free agents and tryout players catching his eye. “Larry, from Colorado State Pueblo, wide receiver — I gotta get his last name yet — but I learned his first name already, so that’s a really good thing.“And Carlton, from Rutgers, looked really good; the two wideouts. A couple of the corners broke on balls really well. Budda (Baker) showed his ball skills.”The “Larry” Arians was referring to is Larry Clark (pictured), a 6-foot-3, 182-pound player who is in town on a tryout. In five games for the ThunderWolves last season, he caught 22 passes for 248 yards and four touchdowns.Taking a look for down the roadOne of the more interesting players in rookie camp is Air Force linebacker Ryan Watson.Practicing on a tryout basis, even if the coaches are impressed and the Cardinals would like to keep him around, he could not join the team for another two years.According to a rule handed down in late April by the United States Air Force to the Academy, all cadets must serve two years of active duty before they earn “ready reserve” status, at which point they could enter professional sports.“I think it’s dumb,” Arians said of the rule.Be that as it may, Watson, who notched 99 career tackles along with 16 sacks, one pass breakup, one forced fumble and a fumble recovery, could not possibly suit up for the Cardinals — or any other team — until 2019. The 5: Takeaways from the Coyotes’ introduction of Alex Meruelo Top Stories Arizona Cardinals first round draft pick Haason Reddick works out during an NFL football rookie minicamp at the team’s training facility, Friday, May 12, 2017, in Tempe, Ariz. (AP Photo/Matt York) TEMPE, Ariz. — About this time last year, Robert Nkemdiche’s first practice of rookie minicamp raised some eyebrows.As you might recall, afterwards Cardinals coach Bruce Arians said the first-round pick “was killing people in walk-through” and was “bench-pressing linemen already.”For a variety of reasons, that did not foreshadow a dominant initial campaign for the defensive lineman.center_img “Like always, I’ll only answer questions about guys on our team,” the coach said. “So you can put the pen away. If the guy’s not on our team, don’t ask me a question.”And that was that.Follow Adam Green on Twitter Comments   Share   As he told ESPN.com’s Josh Weinfuss, having to wait will be very tough, but he pointed out that he went to the United States Air Force Academy, so the easy road is not one he is familiar with anyway.“Oh, it’s definitely a tease,” he said. “But I’d rather be here than not be here, so I’m blessed to have the opportunity. I will never be upset coming in here and leaving.”At this point, Watson is trying to soak it all in while the Cardinals and their coach are just hoping to learn more about him.“Just give him a good look and give him the opportunity, he’s earned it,” Arians said. “I love working with the service guys and giving them that chance.“And you never know, they’ll impress you enough that you’ll think about them two years from now.”One final thought — sort of — on Daryl WashingtonYou knew it was going to come up.After the Cardinals surprisingly released recently-reinstated linebacker Daryl Washington on Thursday, Friday was the first chance to ask any of the team’s decisionmakers about what transpired.Expecting it, Arians pivoted mid-point while talking about players who impressed him in rookie camp with a quote most could have anticipated. And, on Friday, a similar occurrence happened with Arizona’s 2017 first-round pick, linebacker Haason Reddick.Playing middle linebacker after primarily being an edge rusher in college, the No. 13 overall pick in the draft caught Arians’ eye.“He tried to make a damn tackle,” Arians said. “And flying across the field and trying to get an interception.“But like I always say, I’d rather say ‘woah’ than ‘sick ’em,’ and he looked natural at the position.”This early, that’s a good sign.Because while pretty much every player on the field this weekend in Tempe is learning a new system, Reddick is at the disadvantage of doing so while at an unfamiliar role in the defense.“It’s very tough, it’s very tough,” he said of learning a new position at the same time as a different defense. “But I’m dedicated. I’m going to be in here watching film, getting in there with Coach (Larry) Foote, making sure that I’m learning.“I’m looking forward to being the biggest impact this season and getting out there and making some plays, so I’m definitely out here and I’m taking it seriously.”last_img read more