More recently, physicists have been theorizing the possibility of lower dimensionality, in which the universe has only two or even one spatial dimension(s), along with one dimension of time. The theories suggest that the lower dimensions occurred in the past when the universe was much smaller and had a much higher energy level (and temperature) than today. Further, it appears that the concept of lower dimensions may already have some experimental evidence in cosmic ray observations.Now in a new study, physicists Jonas Mureika from Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles, California, and Dejan Stojkovic from SUNY at Buffalo in Buffalo, New York, have proposed a new and independent method for experimentally detecting lower dimensions. They’ve published their study in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.In 2010, a team of physicists including Stojkovic proposed a lower-dimensional framework in which spacetime is fundamentally a (1 + 1)-dimensional universe (meaning it contains one spatial dimension and one time dimension). In other words, the universe is a straight line that is “wrapped up” in such a way so that it appears (3 + 1)-dimensional at today’s higher energy scales, which is what we see. The scientists don’t know the exact energy levels (or the exact age of the universe) when the transitions between dimensions occurred. However, they think that the universe’s energy level and size directly determine its number of dimensions, and that the number of dimensions evolves over time as the energy and size change. They predict that the transition from a (1 + 1)- to a (2 + 1)-dimensional universe happened when the temperature of the universe was about 100 TeV (teraelectronvolts) or less, and the transition from a (2 + 1)- to a (3 + 1)-dimensional universe happened later at about 1 TeV. Today, the temperature of the universe is about 10-3 eV. So far, there may already be one piece of experimental evidence for the existence of a lower-dimensional structure at a higher energy scale. When observing families of cosmic ray particles in space, scientists found that, at energies higher than 1 TeV, the main energy fluxes appear to align in a two-dimensional plane. This means that, above a certain energy level, particles propagate in two dimensions rather than three dimensions. Copyright 2010 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. In the current study, Mureika and Stojkovic have proposed a second test for lower dimensions that would provide independent evidence for their existence. The test is based on the assumption that a (2 + 1)-dimensional spacetime, which is a flat plane, has no gravitational degrees of freedom. This means that gravity waves and gravitons cannot have been produced during this epoch. So the physicists suggest that a future gravitational wave detector looking deep into space might find that primordial gravity waves cannot be produced beyond a certain frequency, and this frequency would represent the transition between dimensions. Looking backwards, it would appear that one of our spatial dimensions has “vanished.”The scientists added that it should be possible, though perhaps more difficult, to test for the existence of (1 + 1)-dimensional spacetime.“It will be challenging with the current experiments,” Stojkovic told PhysOrg.com. “But it is within the reach of both the LHC and cosmic ray experiments if the two-dimensional to one-dimensional crossover scale is 10 TeV.”Lower dimensions at higher energies could have several advantages for cosmologists. For instance, models of quantum gravity in (2 + 1) and (1 + 1) dimensions could overcome some of the problems that plague quantum gravity theories in (3 + 1) dimensions. Also, reducing the dimensions of spacetime might solve the cosmological constant problem, which is that the cosmological constant is fine-tuned to fit observations and does not match theoretical calculations. A solution may lie in the existence of energy that is currently hiding between two folds of our (3 + 1)-dimensional spacetime, which will open up into (4 + 1)-dimensional spacetime in the future when the universe’s decreasing energy level reaches another transition point.“A change of paradigm,” Stojkovic said about the significance of lower dimensions. “It is a new avenue to attack long-standing problems in physics.” More information: Jonas Mureika and Dejan Stojkovic. “Detecting Vanishing Dimensions via Primordial Gravitational Wave Astronomy.” Physical Review Letters 106, 101101 (2011). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.101101 Citation: Physicists investigate lower dimensions of the universe (2011, March 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-03-physicists-dimensions-universe.html (PhysOrg.com) — Several speculative theories in physics involve extra dimensions beyond our well-known four (which are broken down into three dimensions of space and one of time). Some theories have suggested 5, 10, 26, or more, with the extra spatial dimensions “hiding” within our observable three dimensions. One thing that all of these extra dimensions have in common is that none has ever been experimentally detected; they are all mathematical predictions. Who cares about the fourth dimension?
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2010 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — The idea of a solar charger is not a new one. There are a whole host of them for the mobile device, but a lot of them are too expensive to be purchased by the average consumer. Other charge devices too slowly. Only time will tell which solar charger becomes the pragmatic option. Panasonic has decided to throw its hat into the ring with its new BG-BL01 charger. The BG-BL01 is a combination device, both solar battery charger and emergency LED Light. The solar power come courtesy of a HIT Solar panel, the same type of current generation panels that are found on homes. The BG-BL01 also comes equipped with a USB port, two AA Battery Charger slots and three LED lights.The device itself is surprisingly small, at just 152×104×24mm and it weighs 150g. Panasonic claims that the device will take up to 15h to fully charge two AA Batteries. With a full charge users will get up to 10 hours of the highest brightness light or up to 60 hours worth of light at its lowest brightness. The LED lamps are at a capacity of 0.12W×3. The system will also be able to power a 500mA USB powered device in about 1h and 20 minutes. Panasonic releases wireless solar charging table The BG-BL01 is also IPX3 compliant, which makes it splash proof but not submersion resistance. The device will be on sale by the end of August 2011 and it is expected to retail for $75. It is expected to retail for this price in both Japan and the United States. Citation: Panasonic releases a solar charger with USB, AA battery slots and LED lights (2011, July 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-07-panasonic-solar-charger-usb-aa.html Explore further
More information: Musical rhythm spectra from Bach to Joplin obey a 1/f power law, by Daniel Levitin, Parag Chordia, and Vinod Menon, PNAS, 2012. Credit: Wikipedia. Explore further © 2011 PhysOrg.com Is that Mozart or a machine? Software can compose music in classical, pop or jazz styles One-over-f equations describe the relative frequency of things that happen over time and can be used to describe such naturally occurring events as annual river flooding or the beating of a human heart. They have been used to describe the way pitch is used in music as well, but until now, no one has thought to test the idea that they could be used to describe the rhythm of the music too.To find out if this is the case, Levitin and his team analyzed (by measuring note length line by line) close to 2000 pieces of classical music from a wide group of noted composers. In so doing, they found that virtually every piece studied conformed to the power law. They also found that by adding another variable to the equation, called a beta, which was used to describe just how predictable a given piece was compared to other pieces, they could solve for beta and find a unique number of for each composer. After looking at the results as a whole, they found that works written by some classical composers were far more predictable than others, and that certain genres in general were more predictable than others too. Beethoven was the most predictable of the group studied, while Mozart was the least of the bunch. And symphonies are generally far more predictable than Ragtimes with other types falling somewhere in-between. In solving for beta, the team discovered that they had inadvertently developed a means for calculating a composer’s unique individual rhythm signature. In speaking with the university news group at McGill, Levitin said, “this was one of the most unanticipated and exciting findings of our research.”Another interesting aspect of the research is that because the patterns are based on the power law, the music the team studied shares the same sorts of patterns as fractals, i.e. elements in the rhythm that occur the second most often happen only half as often, the third, just a third as often and so forth. Thus, it’s not difficult to imagine music in a fractal patterns that are unique to individual composers. Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Citation: Researchers find classical musical compositions adhere to power law (2012, February 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-02-classical-musical-compositions-adhere-power.html (PhysOrg.com) — A team of researchers, led by Daniel Levitin of McGill University, has found after analyzing over two thousand pieces of classical music that span four hundred years of history, that virtually all of them follow a one-over-f (1/f) power distribution equation. He and his team have published the results of their work in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Citation: Network theory expert sees Web pages as 19 clicks apart (2013, February 20) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-02-network-theory-expert-web-pages.html © 2013 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Explore further More information: rsta.royalsocietypublishing.or … 87/20120375.abstractblogs.smithsonianmag.com/scien … y-19-clicks-or-less/ Social networking for terrorists Despite enormous “pieces” of Web such as sites, hosted images, and videos—the Indexed Web contains at least 14.33 billion pages, according to the February 19 tally of WorldWideWebSize.com, it takes 19 or fewer clicks to get to any of them from another, regardless of scale.Barabási, who is known for his work on network science, has looked at the Web’s structure. The Web is an information network, in which the nodes are documents connected by links, noted in the paper’s abstract. “Other well-known network structures include the Internet, a physical network where the nodes are routers and the links are physical connections, and organizations, where the nodes are people and the links represent communications.”The author noted how, with a path length of about 19, connections are made, with massive hubs such as Google and Facebook behaving as the key super-connectors. Similar to the small-world concept of a limited number of degrees of separation, the super-connectors render the Web access experience into a small world. For ease of access and connectivity, the good news is that it only takes a small number of superconnecting sites to get us where we want to go The bad news is the same. Attackers removing this relatively small number of Web pages would cause serious problems if, in the targeted attack, the most connected nodes were deliberately removed first. Knocking out a few critical nodes that connect the Web may isolate various pages and hinder movement. Barabási is known for his work in network theory and is described as a pioneer in this field. He is a professor at Northeastern University in Massachusetts and he directs the university’s Center for Complex Network Research. The Center’s studies include the Internet’s dynamics and complex networks inside the cell. The Center’s premise is that, regardless of the kind of network, whether the network under study is the Web or the economy, the same principles largely apply. Many networks have common principles that can be studied using methods in theoretical physics. Credit: Opte Project (Phys.org)—The concept of its being a small world after all is now being placed in the scientific context of the wide, wide Web as a small Web after all. According to a physicist, Web pages are actually no greater than 19 clicks apart. Put another way: Everything on the Web is connected by 19 clicks. Put another way? Any two Web pages are no more than 19 clicks apart. How can that be? The paper discussing this, by Albert-László Barabási, has been published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.
LCDs, have of course, become widely popular as the display type of choice for computers, smarthphones and handheld devices—they form the most basic part of such screens, the pixels. Each pixel is made up of a sandwich of liquid crystals set between pairs of glass plates—one of which polarizes light shone from behind. Light movement is controlled by turning on or off a small electric charge to cause the crystals to rotate a little bit or to relax. With state of the art technology, rotating the crystals happens very quickly when current is applied—it’s the relaxing back to their natural state that occurs relatively slowly. In this new effort, the researchers found a way around this problem by using crystals that don’t need to be rotated to control the way light is allowed to pass through, or not.The solution was found in using a type of molecule called CCN-47 as the basis for the crystals—when placed together in a solution they naturally align in a perpendicular fashion. This meant that they wouldn’t have to be rotated to change light passing through. Instead, they found that using such molecules as the basis for crystals meant that the polarization of the light could be rotated (by changing the way the electric field was applied) instead of the crystals—a much faster process. Testing showed the relaxation state could be achieved in just 30 nanoseconds instead of the usual several milliseconds.The researchers don’t expect this new type of LCD to replace those now used for common display devices—those are now fast enough that any gains in speed would not be noticeable to the human eye. Instead, they believe the new types of LCDs might be used to make new kinds of lasers for use in satellite communications or perhaps in cameras. Explore further Citation: Researchers discover a way to switch liquid crystals off faster (2013, September 9) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-09-liquid-crystals-faster.html Journal information: Physical Review Letters (Phys.org) —A team of physicists at Kent State University has discovered a way to cause liquid crystals to relax to their natural state faster. The result, the team explains in their paper published in Physical Review Letters, is a Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) display device that has much faster change rates than conventional LCDs. Experimental setup: NLC cell sandwiched between two 45-degree prisms. Credit: Volodymyr Borshch et al. © 2013 Phys.org Researchers develop molecular switch that changes liquid crystal colors More information: Nanosecond Electro-Optic Switching of a Liquid Crystal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 107802 (2013) link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.107802AbstractElectrically induced reorientation of nematic liquid crystal (NLC) molecules caused by dielectric anisotropy of the material is a fundamental phenomenon widely used in modern technologies. Its Achilles heel is a slow (millisecond) relaxation from the field-on to the field-off state. We present an electro-optic effect in an NLC with a response time of about 30 ns to both the field-on and field-off switching. This effect is caused by the electric field induced modification of the order parameters and does not require reorientation of the optic axis (director). This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Explore further More information: Sunao Shimizu et al. “Enhanced thermopower in ZnO two-dimensional electron gas.” PNAS. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1525500113 The enlarged illustration (in the circle) shows a 2D electron gas on the surface of a zinc oxide semiconductor. When exposed to a temperature difference, the 2D region exhibits a significantly higher thermoelectric performance compared to that of bulk zinc oxide. The bottom figure shows that the electronic density of states distribution is quantized for 2D and continuous for 3D materials. Credit: Shimizu et al. ©2016 PNAS This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Improved thermoelectric materials with atomic layer deposition Citation: Converting waste heat into electricity works better in two dimensions (2016, June 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-06-electricity-dimensions.html (Phys.org)—The large amount of waste heat produced by power plants and automobile engines can be converted into electricity due to the thermoelectric effect, a physics effect that converts temperature differences into electrical energy. Now in a new study, researchers have confirmed theoretical predictions that two-dimensional (2D) materials—those that are as thin as a single nanometer—exhibit a significantly higher thermoelectric effect than three-dimensional (3D) materials, which are typically used for these applications. © 2016 Phys.org Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences The study, which is published in a recent issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by Sunao Shimizu et al., could provide a way to improve the recycling of waste heat into useful energy.Previous research has predicted that 2D materials should have better thermoelectric properties than 3D materials because the electrons in 2D materials are more tightly confined in a much smaller space. This confinement effect changes the way that the electrons can arrange themselves. In 3D materials, this arrangement (called the density of states distribution) is continuous, but in 2D materials, this distribution becomes quantized—only certain values are allowed. At certain densities, the quantization means that less energy is required to move electrons around, which in turn increases the efficiency with which the material can convert heat into electrical energy.Experimentally demonstrating this thermoelectric enhancement in 2D materials has been challenging because of the difficulty in fabricating 2D materials with the appropriate electron arrangement. Although previous experiments have demonstrated this enhancement in certain materials, it has been unclear whether the mechanism of enhancement agrees with predictions.In the new study, the researchers fabricated a 2D electron gas on the surface of a zinc oxide semiconductor, and showed that this material’s thermoelectric properties can be directly compared to those of bulk zinc oxide because both 2D and 3D versions have a single electron band. “In order to discuss the thermoelectric effect unique to 2D materials, it is very important to control the carrier density in the 2D layers,” Shimizu, a researcher at the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science in Saitama, Japan, told Phys.org. “Our approach, the electric field effect with ionic gating, enabled us to produce an ideal 2D layer and to control the carrier number.”Using their new approach, the researchers found that the 2D electron gas exhibits a thermoelectric effect that is approximately three times larger than that of the 3D semiconductor.This enhancement ratio is about twice as large as predicted by a simple simulation, which the researchers suspect could be due to inaccuracies in estimating the thickness of the 2D layer, where even a few nanometers can make a big difference. They hope that future research will lead to more accurate approaches of estimating the thickness, providing a better measure of the thermoelectric effect enhancement. “The results of this study clearly remind us of the importance of low-dimensional materials and devices for realizing high-performance thermoelectric conversion,” Shimizu said. “In the future, I would like to investigate other low-dimensional materials, including nanotubes and quantum dots.”
Jacobo Alape via YouTube by NPR News Sasha Ingber 8.29.19 4:45pm Top rebels from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia have announced a “new stage of fighting,” despite a peace accord that the leftist guerrilla group signed with the national government almost three years ago.In a 32-minute YouTube video posted Thursday, more than 20 armed fighters stood in green fatigues and in front of a sign that read, “As long as there is a will to fight there will be hope for victory.”A guerrilla leader involved in the peace negotiations accused the government of betraying key components of the deal. “The state has not fulfilled its most important obligation, which is to guarantee the life of its citizens and especially avoid assassinations for political reasons,” said Luciano Marin, known widely by his nom de guerre, Iván Márquez.Under the peace treaty, thousands of Marxist- and Leninist-inspired guerrillas gave up their arms in exchange for the Colombian government’s commitment to protecting them and to building infrastructure in poor, isolated communities in the countryside. In May, Marin said that it was a mistake for FARC fighters to surrender their weapons without first getting guarantees.In the video, which appeared to be filmed in the jungle, Marin said the group planned to work with the National Liberation Army (ELN), another leftist guerrilla army which has resorted to kidnapping, extortion and violence.Hours later, an ELN leader embraced the announcement. “Better late than never,” Omar Gómez, known as Uriel, said through a face mask after giving a thumbs up and a clenched fist.Former FARC commander Rodrigo Londoño, now the president of Colombia’s Revolutionary Alternative Common Force political party, reiterated his commitment to the peace accord. He said on Thursday that the majority support working toward peace. “Now more than ever, our commitment as a majority, as a party, as a country, is to peace, defending and complying with the agreement,” he said. “Anyone who strays away from peace is mistaken, as those who have always attacked it.”Negotiations to end Colombia’s longest war, tracing back to the 1960s, started in 2012. Former President Juan Manuel Santos and Londoño signed a peace agreement in 2016. The move triggered a new wave of violence from armed groups that fought to take control of the FARC’s territory, displacing thousands in rural communities. Colombians, in a narrow margin, had previously voted to reject a peace deal.Last year, Colombians elected President Iván Duque, who campaigned on a promise to revise the controversial peace deal. A conservative populist, he said the agreement was too lenient for rebels who had kidnapped Colombian citizens and committed other atrocities. He vowed to make “war victims the focal point of the peace process.”Since taking office, he’s been accused of not just slowing down peace reforms but muddling significant facets of the agreement — especially tribunals that would allow insurgents to testify under broad immunity.”We cannot be stupid enough to think that … the government is an ally for peace,” Naryi Vargas, a researcher at the Peace and Reconciliation Foundation, an organization based in Colombia, tweeted Thursday.Bogota-based activist Luis Ernesto Gómez blamed Duque and former Colombian President Álvaro Uribe for FARC’s announcement. “Their political calculations and systematic sabotage of the Peace Process robbed us of a golden opportunity to stop killing each other and start making progress.”The 52-year war waged by FARC left at least 220,000 people dead.Duque has not publicly responded to the FARC video, and the Colombian Embassy in the United States did not immediately respond to NPR’s request for comment.Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR. Former FARC Leaders Announce ‘New Stage Of Fighting,…
Kolkata: Passengers of Puri-Sealdah Duronto Express today complained of “undercooked” food served by the onboard caterer, following which the IRCTC decided not to renew its contract with the company responsible for supplying food in the train. Stating that strict punitive action will be taken against the caterer, IRCTC group general manager (east zone) Debasish Chanda said an enquiry has been ordered into the complaints by the passengers of the train, which arrived at Sealdah this morning. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killed “The food was served in the south central zone of IRCTC at Puri. On receiving complaints over the quality and standard of the food served last night, we have decided to not renew the contract of the catering company,” Chanda said. He said the contract of the company to supply food in Puri-Sealdah Duronto Express was due to expire within a few days and owing to the complaint, it would not be renewed. “Passengers complained of undercooked chicken served to them in the train for dinner last night,” said the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) official. The 22202 Puri-Sealdah Duronto Express is run by the Kolkata-headquartered Eastern Railway.
Kolkata: Following the direction of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, the state Cooperation department is setting up ‘banking service points’ at non-banking villages.The Chief Minister had directed to take necessary steps to ensure that people in rural parts of the state do not need to travel long distances in order to avail banking services.There were around 700 Gram Panchayats without banking services. In a bid to end such an inconvenience, the state Cooperation department took up the step of installing banking service points. As many as 2,600 banking service points are being set up. Most of the banking services facilities will be available at the service points. Online banking services will also be available. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeArup Roy, the state Cooperation minister, announced that there won’t be anymore villages in the state without banking services facilities while addressing the convention on direct paddy procurement organised at Nazrul Mancha on Monday in which representatives of 1,000 cooperative societies were present.State Education Minister Partha Chatterjee, state Urban Development and Municipal Affairs minister Firhad Hakim, state Food and Supplies minister Jyotipriya Mallick and state Agriculture Marketing minister Tapan Dasgupta were present at the inaugural function. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedMentioning that around 28 lakh metric tonne paddy was purchased directly from farmers in the last fiscal, Roy said: “This year as well his department is ready to go for direct purchase as per the target that will be set by the Chief Minister.” He further said that 80 percent of the total paddy purchase in the state takes place through cooperative societies. “Moreover, one lakh families will get Rs 18,000 each as financial support for poultry farming,” he added. Chatterjee said distress sell of agricultural produce by farmers has become a matter of past and this comes at a time when cooperative banks have provided more help through agricultural loans compared to other banks. He also took a dig at the erstwhile Left Front government for corruption in the cooperation system.It may be mentioned that around Rs 4,000 crore was disbursed as agricultural loan in 2017-18 through cooperatives, while the amount has increased to Rs 5200 in 2018-19. He further said he will be speaking to the Chief Minister to ensure that storage capacity for vegetables is increased. The step is needed to check wastage of vegetables.While speaking at the programme, Hakim said: “Farmers income has increased manifold in the state and it has ensured development in the state’s rural economy.” He added that no more distress sell takes place in the state.Mallick, whose department works hand in glove with the state Cooperation department in direct purchase of paddy, said: “Bengal is now a role model for the Centre as we directly transfer money to the bank account of farmers. Moreover, a toll free number will be introduced on which a farmer can call and inform if he wants to sell paddy. Subsequently, officials will visit his place with a truck to buy the same.”He further maintained that his department is yet to get Rs 300 crore for supplying rice for ICDS centres and midday meals. “Now, the Centre and the Food Corporation of India are at loggerheads over who’s going to pay for the same,” Mallick said adding that his department is prepared to supply 4 lakh metric tonne rice for ICDS centres and midday meal.
Violin is considered one of the most noble percussion instruments that has the capability to produce music of any genre ranging from classical to western to fusion. The Carnatic music Violin arangetram of Anandh Kalyanaraman and Shivapriya Dayal was held on January 9 at the Sri Sathya Sai auditorium in the national Capital. They have been training for five years under the tutelage of Guru Kalaimamani V.S.K. Chakrapani, who was a top grade artist of All India Radio. He has been performing, teaching and promoting carnatic music for the past five decades. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The chief guest of the evening was Aruna Bahuguna, Director of the National Police Academy, Hyderabad. Dr Vageesh, retired Deputy Director General of All India Radio, in his speech complimented the efforts of the children. Padma Shri Guru Geeta Chandran spoke of the importance of music training in our lives.The arangetram commenced with a varnam in raga arabhi, a composition of Tiger Varadachari, followed by a Muthuswami Dikshitar’s composition vathapi ganapathim in raga hamsadhwani. The main piece played by the children was a kriti by Tyagaraja – rama ninnu nammina – in raga mohanam, which they started with an alapana. The percussion accompaniments came together to perform what is called the ‘taniyavartanam’. ‘taniyavartanam’. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe two hour long concert was a journey through compositions ranging from that of Arunagirinathar, the 15th century shaivite saint to the 18th century composers-Thyagaraja, Dikshitar, Puranadaradasa, patriotic songs of Subramania Bharati, Narsinh Mehta’s Vaishnava janato, to name a few. They concluded with a thillana in raga dhanasree composed by the Maharaja of Travancore – Swathithirunal.The musicians included Anandh Kalyanaraman, class 9 student of D.A.V. School, Vasant Kunj and Shivapriya Dayal, a student of class 8 of Shriram School, Aravali, Gurgaon, who apart from being great musicians are also academic enthusiasts, performing very well at school.The children were ably supported by accompanying artists – Shri Padmanabhan on Mridangam, Shri Harinarayanan on Ghatam and Shri Ravikiran on Morsing.
Food critics, bloggers and enthusiasts are in for a treat as they can witness the expertise of culinary geniuses along with getting a chance to explore various facets of Indian cuisine. Indian Culinary Forum along with the Hospitality First and ITPO hosted the ‘Culinary Art India 2016’ on Tuesday at Pragati Maidan. The event, which is a part of Aahar International Food and Hospitality fair, will see culinary exhibitions, competitions and live cooking contests apart from stalls of food products from around the globe being held at the venue. It is a platform to create awareness about the profession of chefs and felicitate the achievers. The five-day event will go on till March 19. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The event has around 300 chefs exhibiting their skills under one roof and participating in various categories of competitions. All the jury members for the competitions are WACS (World Association of Chefs Societies) certified chefs and renowned food critics.Chef Shanli Ong Beng Yew from Malaysia, who is presiding as the chairperson of the jury, said, “We are evaluating the preparations on the levels of creativity of the chefs through taste, proportion and presentation of the dishes. First the eye appeal and then the taste matters, that is the whole idea of culinary art. So far I have seen that the young Indian chefs are very innovative and creative with their methods of cooking.” Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe event started with chefs showcasing authentic Indian regional cuisine. Other categories of competitions include artistic pastry showpiece, fruit and vegetable carving, petit fours and pralines, three-course dinner menu, three tier wedding cakes, plated appetisers and pralines, dress the cake, artistic bakery showpiece, plated desserts and mocktails.Chef Devinder Kumar, President, Indian Culinary Forum said, “The overall participation has increased this year. We evaluate them based on the merits and maintain total transparency. Only the best of the best are awarded for specific categories. It is also a very good platform for visitors, as they also get to see the latest trends in cooking.” The winners of the competitions will be announced on March 19, at the end of the event. Chef Lukesh Bajaj, one of the participants in the category of authentic Indian regional cuisine said, “North Indian cuisine is my specialty. I have put up two main courses, including vegetarian dishes and non-vegetarian dishes, rice, chapattis and two desserts-‘phirni’ and chocolate ‘gulab jamun’. I had a great experience participating in today’s competition.” Among several stalls of processed food and beverages were Tops, India Gate, and many foreign brands from around the world. The Aahar International Food and Hospitality Fair is not only a forum for exhibiting culinary skills but also a large platform for entrepreneurs and food brands to showcase their products and stimulate business-to-business and business-to-customers sales.
Kolkata: A unique calendar containing 50 film posters of Amitabh Bachchan will be released on October 11, which is Big B’s birthday to celebrate his golden jubilee in the industry.The calendar titled — “Fantastic 50” is the result of a unique exhibition Bachchan Nama which was organized by noted film poster collector Sudipta Chanda. BACHCHAN NAMA to celebrate Amitabh Bachchan’s 75th birth anniversary in 2017 at Jamini Roy Art Gallery (ICCR). FANTASTIC 50 deals with popular films like Sholay, Shaan, Don, Zanjeer, Deewar, Majboor and Coolie, including not so popular films like Sanjog, Bandhe Haath, Adalat and Kasauti, covering a high range of variety with different sizes as 20/30, 30/40 and 2 Sheet posters. Those were the days when artists used to draw posters manually and lithography was the only method of printing posters. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeTo draw attention of public different designs of posters of the same film used to initiate. Those are simply collector’s delight. These posters are very rare now a days. It would be a collector’s delight. Amitabh Bachchan called Big B by his fans and admirers completed 75 years in 2017. He made his debut with Saat Hindustani released in 1969. The Calendar features fifty odd posters of Big B films. Each months carries three posters while it’s cover showcases fourteen posters, altogether fifty posters to celebrate his fifty years of journey in the industry. Eventually it features poster of Saat Hindustani (1969) and a poster of his recent release 102 Not Out ( 2018). Each months carries three posters while it’s cover showcases fourteen posters, altogether fifty posters.
The beauty and hair care industry in India is witnessing a growth with new products and processes making inroads every season. Hair taming is one such method that seems to have made it big in the “evolved” hair care industry as women are loving the “no side effects and no harmful chemicals” procedure. Talking about the changing trends, experts say: “Earlier, when women used to use heat appliances like straightening iron, blow dryers onto their strands or undergo hair treatments like rebonding, hair smoothening, they faced many difficulties with the texture of the hair, which resulted in dissatisfaction. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”When hair taming came into the Indian market, people gradually started getting the hold of it. Hair taming gives the desired texture to the hair with its 100 per cent protein treatment known as keratin, which is infused into the cuticles to make hair healthier and shinier.”Speaking further, they revealed how hair taming has become a new age trend in the market as it rejuvenates strands from the roots while relaxing it. “As compared to rebonding or hair smoothening, taming involves more natural protein-based process which uses relatively fewer chemicals. Women prefer hair taming rather than going for artificial hair treatments because it helps them in managing hair easily, without any worries of frizz and damage,” experts told. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe treatment lasts for up to 4 months depending upon quality of the hair. It conditions hair while infusing natural keratin deep into the cuticle of the hair shaft. There is no better treatment than this when it comes to silky, smooth and frizz free hair. Hair taming treatment has been successful so far in delivering these results which is why even the biggest brands are getting into this treatment.The future of hair care industry lies in the products and treatments which restore the hair back to natural state with no side effects, no harmful chemicals and no artificial look, one of the experts, who has been observing the changing trends pointed out. “The changes were less prominent and slow in the beginning as people were in the process of adapting this change. But by the 20th century, keratin treatment became a hype in the market across the globe and that’s how eventually all the big brands and salons started including keratin treatment in their products and services,” experts said.Many brands are focusing on keratin treatments for smooth hair. So how effective is it for long hair and how can one avoid the complications?”After getting the treatment done, one has to be very careful while buying hair products and has to look into the chemicals and ingredients added to it. Try switching to sulphate-free products which keeps the moisture intact. Also, some shampoos will have keratin infused in them. These are great as long as they don’t contain sulphate,” they stated.Also, though there are no hard and fast rules before getting the keratin treatment done, it’s still better if you don’t have any metallic dyes or henna coating on your hair as that doesn’t get you the great results. However, post treatments, you need to take care of a few things for two days — like don’t tie your hair back, stay away from heat and sweat and other little things. Avoiding such factors would help you to get the best results.Also, it is vital that after the treatment, you only use sulphate-free shampoos and the shampoos that are specially created for post-keratin treatment. Doing so elongates the life of the treatment and gives you frizz free hair for a longer period,” said an expert.
Kolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Tuesday shared some significant achievements in development and financial management in Bengal, over the last seven and half years since her government assumed office in 2011, on her Facebook page.She has pointed out that the state’s planned expenditure has increased nearly six times from Rs 14,615.16 crore in 2010-11 to Rs 85,328.53 crore in 2018-19. “The capital expenditure leading to creation of infrastructure and social assets has increased more than 11 times from Rs 2,225.75 crore in 2010-11 to Rs 25,287.20 crore in 2018-19,” Banerjee wrote in the post on her Facebook page. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataShe further mentioned in the post that the state’s own tax revenue has increased 3 times from Rs 21,128.74 crore in 2010-11 to Rs 62,746.58 crore in 2018-19. “We had announced a Tax Settlement Dispute Scheme last year. Nearly 29,000 cases have been settled by March 31, 2019, with a revenue collection of nearly Rs 754 crore,” the Chief Minister added. It may be mentioned that the Mamata Banerjee government’s performance in improving the financial health was acknowledged with the national award for e-governance in 2014. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateThis impetus to e-governance resulted in higher revenue generation, which in turn contributed to more resources for development. The higher tax compliance in general (including as a result of e-governance), has consequently made available a higher amount for expenditure. The expenditure pattern has also improved. Apart from a rise in capital expenditure and planned expenditure, there has been a rise in spending in social infrastructure, agri, agri allied and rural development, physical infrastructure etc. The Gross Value-Added (GVA) and per capita income of the state has been far better than the country. As mentioned in the manifesto of the Trinamool Congress, the growth rate in the industrial sector has been 194 percent higher than India, while that in the services sector has been 26 percent higher. The growth rate in the agriculture and allied sectors has been 247 percent higher than the country. It may be mentioned that the state government has already brought a threefold increase in the income of farmers and has bagged the Central government’s Krishi Karman Award for five consecutive years for record production of crops.
London: While a divorce or a new relationship brings many changes in a person’s life, a new study shows an association with reduced physical activity levels.The findings showed that men who divorced and women who found a new partner reduced their physical exercises. The total number of non-exercise steps was reduced for men who divorced, whereas for women who found a new spouse, the total steps decreased significantly when compared to women married throughout. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAccording to the researchers, it is difficult to provide a single explanatory factor about the effects of changes in marital status on physical activity. “It seems that the changes in relationships affect the physical activity of men and women differently,” said Kasper Salin, postdoctoral researcher from the University of Jyvaskyla in Finland. For the study, published in the Journal of Public Health, the team included 1,051 participants aged between 34 and 49. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThey also investigated the relationship between socioeconomic position and changes in physical activity. They found that among the men and women with the highest socioeconomic status, the number of aerobic steps increased significantly over the four years. Here, aerobic steps refers to steps taken during activities that last for at least 10 minutes without interruption at a pace of 60 or more steps per minute. “The rise in the number of steps focused on the highest social classes, especially in aerobic steps,” says Salin. “From the point of view of maintaining fitness, it is important to add aerobic steps.”
Millions of people are still using easy-to-guess passwords like “123456” and “qwerty” on sensitive accounts, a study has found. The analysis by the UK’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) uncovered the gaps in cyber-knowledge that may leave people in danger of being exploited. The NCSC said people should string three random but memorable words together to use as a strong password. For its first cyber-survey, the NCSC analysed public databases of breached accounts to see which words, phrases and strings people used, the BBC reported. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfTop of the list was 123456, appearing in more than 23 million passwords. The second-most popular string, 123456789, was not much harder to crack, while others in the top five included “qwerty”, “password” and 1111111. The most common name to be used in passwords was Ashley, followed by Michael, Daniel, Jessica and Charlie, the report found. When it comes to Premier League football teams in guessable passwords, Liverpool are champions and Chelsea are second. Blink-182 topped the charts of music acts. People who use well-known words or names for a password put themselves people at risk of being hacked, said Ian Levy, technical director of the NCSC. “Nobody should protect sensitive data with something that can be guessed, like their first name, local football team or favourite band,” he said.
This monsoon, the lines, shapes, curves, colours, concepts converge together at India Habitat Centre, as fifteen artists come together under one roof to showcase their exhibits based on an eclectic mix of themes.Titled ‘Panorama – 15’, the exhibition, which is going on until August 15, showcases themes like spirituality and love for animals by the artists including Uma Bardhan, Shalini Varshney, Pooja Mudgal, Nirupama Mishra, Meghna Agarwal, Mahendra Rai, Renu Umrao, Dr Zaheeda Khanam, Rashid Ahmed, Biswaranjan Bhunia, Suhas Das, to name a few. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfSpirituality helps in destressing oneself and become one with the universe. This idea has been portrayed by Shalini Varshney in her depiction of Lord Buddha. Whereas, Nirupama Mishra has shown people take a holy dip in the holy city of Benaras. Meghna Agarwal’s paintings show the results of deforestation as it affects men and animals in the same intensity. The exhibition titled ‘Panorama’ –Just as the word Panorama suggests an unbroken world view of things, likewise the exhibition depicts myriad artworks based on various contemporary issues of social relevance all beautifully arranged and displayed under one roof. The colourful canvases, intriguing techniques, bold brush strokes, thought-provoking art, timeless collection of paintings have made the exhibition one of its kind.
Imagine this: it’s 1900 and you live in Hollywood. You are one of a population of a few hundred. In the village, you can shop in two markets. Other amenities in your surroundings: a local post office and a hotel that hasn’t been built yet. The closest to civilization is Los Angeles, separated by seven miles of loose road connection and vast fields of orange groves. However, it took Hollywood less than two decades to spur a thriving city life and become the hot seat of the fast-growing film industry.Glen-Holly Hotel, the first hotel in Hollywood, at the corner of what is now called Yucca Street. It was built in the 1890s.Two factors were key: the interest of the industry to migrate west, and sufficient infrastructure in an area that faced issues such as proper access to water.Slowly the jigsaw was being fitted together. The first section of the Hollywood Hotel, an elegant wooden palace surrounded by lemon gardens, opened its doors at the end of 1902.Two years later transportation in the area improved too with the building of Prospect Avenue, which later became Hollywood Boulevard.The intersection of Hollywood and Highland, 1907.One by one, filmmakers, attracted by lower taxes, began abandoning the East coast and settling in the village. Labor was also more affordable and combined with the scenic beauty of the region it seemed not much was missing. Bonus point for all that California sunshine.Newspaper advertisement for Hollywood land sales, 1908.In 1910, D.W. Griffith used Hollywood village as the setting for his movie In Old California. The very first piece filmed in future Tinseltown. Four years later, Cecil B. DeMille debuted as a director after filming the Squaw Man, also there. Sooner rather than later, Hollywood was the thriving, vibrant new center of American cinematography.Publicity portrait of Cecil B. DeMille. On the back has been written: “Cecil B. DeMille, director of special productions for Artcraft Pictures.”It was the dream city of aspiring young artists, who, lured by fortune and fame, relocated in the city and sought jobs in acting. At the same pace, small independent filming studios mushroomed, initially struggling to even survive year one. As the film industry evolved, so these little entities became the giants that would dictate their own next steps.Nestor Studio, Hollywood’s first movie studio, 1912.If there was but one central issue that threatened the future of Tinseltown it was water shortage. Due to this ongoing issue, local residents opted for Hollywood to be administered by the City of Los Angeles.By striking contrast, Los Angeles homed a population of over 100,000 at the turn of the century. The city was about to commence building a new aqueduct system. But the Owens Valley Aqueduct, as the project became known, was not going to pass without calamities.The fertile Owens Valley was controlled by the U.S. Reclamation Service and was originally planned to provide water to local farmers living in the area of the valley.Two men examining a kit of dynamite and wire found during sabotage incidents of Owens Valley Aqueduct, Southern California, c. 1924.An attempt to build an irrigation system for them was blocked by William Mulholland, the chief engineer whose single job was to secure water for the greater Los Angeles area.Mulholland used deceitful tactics to win the dispute that arose with the farmers. The case was brought to Washington D.C., but the decision ultimately ruled in favor of L.A.The aqueduct construction was a gigantic construction project. The long miles required a workforce of thousands and the effort lasted from 1907 until 1913. The conflict between Mulholland and the group of angry farmers persisted for a little longer than that.Mulholland Drive signpost.A climax point came in 1924 when the opposition tried to sabotage the water system with explosives and reroute the water to the Owens River.They didn’t achieve success in the long run, however. By the mid-1920s most of the available water was in the ownership of the City of Los Angeles and nothing, not even dynamite, could now threaten the city’s glorious rise.Hollywoodland: A sign advertises the opening of the Hollywoodland housing development in the hills on Mulholland Drive overlooking Los Angeles. Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, c. 1924. The white building below the sign is the Kanst Art Gallery, which opened on April 1, 1924. Photo by Underwood Archives/Getty ImagesDotted with fanciful hotels and bars that imitated exorbitant movie sets, by the 1920s, Hollywood was all set to live long and prosper. Its vast boulevards became adorned with high palm trees.Glamorous neighborhoods started sprouting up too, now the home of a new elite that could hardly ever see a dent in their wallet.Read another story from us: A Tinseltown Tragedy – Hollywood’s Most Notorious AffairEach week, their machinery hurried 40 million fellow Americans to check what’s new in theaters. A brave new tinsel-world.
14 min read EXPAND Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. April 1, 2007 Marketplace ResearchOne thing differentiating eBay businesses that grow from those that don’t is the owners’ levels of eBay market knowledge. Marketplace data and software tools from eBay and third parties can help businesses on eBay research their markets to improve results. eBay’s own Marketplace Research is a recent introduction that provides consolidated metrics on up to 90 days of completed items and allows for sophisticated analysis. It is offered in three tiers: Fast Pass for the casual user; Basic for those who want to handle variables such as starting price ranges and number of successful sales; and Pro, which allows for research by related keywords, among other advanced features.Third-party provider Terapeak, which uses data licensed from eBay, lets sellers and buyers look back through extended time periods to find price trends on specific products through completed listings, along with other sophisticated research tools.DeepAnalysis market research software from HammerTap can do a number of powerful analyses, such as studying how starting prices compare to bids. You can also use it to figure out the best categories for your items by looking at the number of bids or selling prices for similar items.Andale’s Research tools help eBay sellers find the success rate and average selling price of any item and identify the price most likely to increase sales volume. Services can be purchased a la carte.Seller CentralIf you want to build your business, you should become familiar with Seller Central. It’s the mother lode for tips, tools, information and other resources for eBay sellers.Seller Central is organized into convenient sections. Best Practices presents time-tested approaches for selling on eBay. Its recommendations are based on the techniques used by eBay’s most successful sellers. Advanced Selling is for those who are ready to go beyond the basics. Category Tips directs you to specific resources arranged by category to help you fine-tune your approach to fit your category.The “In Demand” section in Category Tips is especially helpful. It lists the top 10 items in your category and the top 10 buyer search words.What’s Hot gives you a look at the items and categories that are popular and also provides you with a preview of eBay’s merchandising calendar so you’ll know about upcoming promotions in time to prepare for them. News & Updates gives you a link to sign up for the PowerUp newsletter, a monthly e-mail with the insider’s view of new selling features, promotions and tools.Part of the What’s Hot section of Seller Central is the “Hot Categories Report,” a monthly listing of categories that meet specific criteria for month-to-month growth in bids and conversion rates. Find out which categories are Super Hot, boasting a 35-percentage-point or more spread between bid growth rate and listing growth, to identify your most promising categories. Get more on the “Hot Categories Report.”The latest addition to this genre of buying analysis is eBay Pop!. Find the latest “Movers & Shakers” as well as the most popular items in several eBay categories. For more details, check out www.ebay.com/ebaypop.What does that leave? The catchall “Resources” link takes you to a page listing scores of tools and links on topics such as deciding what to sell and eBay’s Giving Works charity program.What Buyers WantYou can find out what buyers are looking for by using several eBay resources for sellers who want to build their businesses on eBay. Reviews & Guides is a tool buyers can use to decide what to buy and a way for sellers to look inside buyers’ minds. The “Reviews” section contains eBay user-written comments and ratings for specific products, such as books and CDs. The “Guides” section consists of handbooks written by experts, collectors and other members to give you insight into topics ranging from collectible dolls to caring for antiques. Learn more about Reviews & Guides at http://reviews.ebay.com.You can browse the Want It Now listings to see exactly what buyers are looking for, in their own words. Buyers can create Want It Now posts to share what they want to purchase with millions of sellers, including you. Learn more about this free service at http://pages.ebay.com/wantitnow.Picture ManagereBay’s Picture Manager is a fully integrated service to help you post pictures for your listings. With Picture Manager, you save time by tapping into all your pictures from the “Sell Your Item” form or My eBay. You won’t have to leave eBay to change, add or remove pictures. You won’t have to upload pictures for each individual listing, and you can add multiple pictures to any listing for one flat fee.You can transfer all the pictures you already have on eBay to Picture Manager with a single click. Once you do so, Picture Manager gives you a single place to host all your pictures for About Me and eBay Stores as well as listings. Security tools allow you to add your User ID to your pictures as a watermark. Picture Manager is priced at several levels, from $9.99 a month for 50MB to $24.99 a month for 1GB. Featured Store sellers get discounted rates, and Anchor Store sellers can subscribe to Picture Manager at any level for no fee. Get more information about Picture Manager and its features at http://pages.ebay.com/picture_manager. Register Now » BUILD Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Shopping Comparison SitesDid you know that more than half of online shoppers use a shopping comparison site to make their buying decisions? And the comparison site they use most is Shopping.com, a part of eBay since August 2005. Shopping.com is a place shoppers can go to compare prices, availability and shipping costs from thousands of vendors in a single location. When shoppers make their selections, they’re directed to the chosen vendor to complete their purchase. Using shopping comparison sites effectively is an excellent way to expand an offline business on eBay. You can join the merchants listed on Shopping.com, including some of the world’s largest stores as well as many smaller vendors, by providing the site with a listing of your products in a format specified by the service. Shopping.com will create your list for a fee, but there is no fee if you create the list yourself. Enroll, and Shopping.com gives you directions for uploading your list to the website. After that, you pay only when shoppers click on your product listing to go to your buying page from Shopping.com’s search results. For more detailed information, including pricing, visit www.shopping.com.PayPal Merchant ToolsUsing PayPal Merchant tools is the preferred way to pay and be paid for online transactions. This eBay-owned service gives you the ability to cost-effectively handle credit and debit cards as well as bank transfers and PayPal account balances. Your customers don’t need to have a PayPal account to pay you, and there are four service levels to meet the specific needs of your business. PayPal Website Payments Standard lets you start accepting payments immediately without delays for approval. You don’t need to have a shopping cart or make an annual commitment, and there are no monthly fees or charges for startup or cancellation of the standard service. However, there are transaction fees.PayPal Website Payments Pro gives U.S.-based merchants the features of merchant accounts without the same high costs. PayPal Website Payments Pro costs $20 a month in addition to transaction fees. PayPal Email Payments lets you get paid quickly by e-mail. It’s fast and easy to set up–just 10 minutes, and you don’t even need to have a website. You can send out e-mail invoices and receive payments through PayPal. Customers don’t need their own PayPal account to send funds to your account–they can do so when they receive your e-mailed invoice.Each of these three PayPal service levels has the option (either with a paid upgrade, by application and approval, or through the “Virtual Terminal” feature, respectively) of accepting credit or debit card payments directly on the site as well as by phone, fax, mail or in person.PayPal as an Additional Payment Option is a way for merchants who already have a merchant account to add PayPal and give customers another way to pay. Get more details about PayPal Merchant tools at www.paypal.com.Merchant eCommerce Solutions CenterEstablished offline businesses looking to expand to eBay can get an all-points introduction to the world of eBay Stores at the Merchant eCommerce Solutions Center. With a single click, you can pull up a matrix comparing eBay’s e-commerce solutions, including selling on eBay with an eBay Store, selling online with a ProStores web store and selling on eBay without an eBay Store.Additional links take you to articles on e-commerce and other eBay merchant resources, including PayPal. If you have slow-moving inventory you want to get rid of or a local presence you’d like to expand worldwide, or you simply want to explore the potential of eBay to drive online shoppers to your business, the Merchant eCommerce Solutions Center should be your first stop.The site also gives you a link to a list of Certified Business consultants that can help you get started. Learn more about the Merchant eCommerce Solutions Center by visiting www.ebay.com/merchantsolutions. eBay Certified ProviderseBay Certified Providers are eBay-qualified experts with proven tools and techniques to help sellers. Certified Providers have highly sophisticated offerings for expert sellers–and easy-to-use services and solutions for people just starting their businesses on eBay.Service providers give nontechnical help with listing strategies, template design and similar matters. Solution providers can help with software and technical services, such as custom software development, listing management software and integrating your business with the eBay platform. These experts provide assistance with marketplace strategy, merchandising design, customer support, managing inventory or transactions, and more.As Was is an example of a Certified Provider. This service, provided by an experienced eBay seller, can help you launch your business on eBay with custom templates, logo design, strategies for sales and marketing, vendor recommendations, operations management and more. For details, visit www.aswas.com.Receller is also a Certified Provider, and it makes listing an item on eBay as simple as snapping a picture with your camera phone. You photograph an item, send it to Receller, and a listing coach calls you back to take the information for your listing. This service is a boon to new eBay sellers because their coaches apply eBay selling best practices to help you get the best results from your listing. Learn more at www.receller.com.For more on Certified Providers and to find the right one for you, visit http://solutions.ebay.com and look for the Certified Provider logo.Education Specialists are another type of eBay-qualified expert specializing in teaching others to use eBay. The more than 1,000 Education Specialists across the country are all trained by eBay and use the official eBay University curriculum to teach you how to sell. Learn more about the Education Specialist Program or find a class in your area at www.ebay.com/esp.Digital Photo TipsPictures are vital to creating effective listings–the better your pictures, the better your listings will work. Start with the right camera. The large files created by many high-resolution digital cameras are too bulky to upload easily and use in listings; small 72 dpi images are fine.One solution is to use one of two Casio cameras (priced at $300 and $400) with the “eBay Best Shot Mode.” This feature automatically reduces the size of the picture and overall file size. If your camera doesn’t do this, you will often need to resize your photo and perhaps change the quality to medium or so to make it easier to load in your listing. If you’re listing small items, you’ll need the ability to use a macro lens for close-ups; consider placing a small object or ruler next to the item to indicate size. Focus carefully–soft-focus pictures look fuzzy and unappealing. If you don’t have natural lighting, choose a camera that has an external flash for better lighting. Control over white balance also helps you photograph in light other than daylight. The best background is white seamless paper, available from professional camera shops. Finally, you’ll want a camera that’s easy to connect to your computer for uploading images.Sell Your ItemThe “Sell Your Item” form is the eBay seller’s gateway to the 222 million registered eBay members. The newest version of the form features a simplified listing process with fewer pages and fields, cutting down on the time it takes to create a listing. You enter all your details on one page, and you can review it before completing the listing. You can also customize the form to hide options you don’t use, showing only the ones you do use.You can create colorful, attractive item descriptions with twice as many fonts as the form’s previous version and more than 120 different colors. The new form also supports the Firefox browser. There is a “category suggestions” feature that gives you advice on listing your item in the best category for maximum exposure. Other additions are dynamic help and personalized tips, which automatically provide guidance and best practices as you make your way through the form. The new form also offers a listing preview section that lets you see in advance what your listing will look like when potential buyers see it. Finally, there are reusable listing templates to make it easier to list additional items. Learn more about the new “Sell Your Item” form at http://pages.ebay.com/syi/newform.What Would You Sell?Before you can sell on eBay, you need to have something to sell. The good news is, you probably already do. What Would You Sell? is an eBay feature that helps you identify items you own that you could sell on eBay. It also helps you see how similar items have fared, decide whether to sell yours and get help listing them.Here’s how it works: What Would You Sell? displays mock-ups of rooms in a typical house, such as bedrooms, a living room, etc. Clicking on one of these rooms takes you to the appropriate mock-up. When you click on one of the items in the picture–a painting on the living room wall, for example–a window will pop up with information about similar items on eBay; for instance, art sells on eBay every 14 seconds. Clicking a link in the window takes you to recently completed listings in that category.A link on the “What Would You Sell?” page takes you directly to a “Sell Your Item” form so you can instantly begin the process of turning your unwanted items into cash. If you need selling tips, another link takes you to Seller Central. Learn more about What Would You Sell? at http://pages.ebay.com/sellercentral/whatwouldyousell/what_to_sell_house.html.Shipping CenterFulfillment is a vital part of eBay selling, and the Shipping Center is your eBay tool for handling logistics cost- and time-effectively. The shipping tools available here let you do things such as include a flat shipping rate in your listings or use the eBay Shipping Calculator so buyers can use their own ZIP codes to figure out their shipping cost.When it comes time to ship a customer’s purchase, the Shipping Center helps you buy and print labels for both domestic and international UPS and U.S. Postal Service shipments. You can also use the Shipping Center to request a pickup from UPS or USPS, saving you time and gas money on a trip to either drop-off location. Finally, you can track shipments using My eBay or PayPal’s “Account Overview” feature.Links from the Shipping Center take you to sources for shipping supplies on eBay, a helpful video to save you time on shipping and eBay’s Freight Resource Center, where you will find tools to calculate shipping rates and arrange shipment for items over 150 pounds.eBay charges no fees for Shipping Center services, and you can pay carriers for the cost of shipping and insurance through PayPal. Learn more about the Shipping Center at www.ebay.com/shipping. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.
I’ve always loved technology and recently became one of the growing number of Americans to buy a drone. Like many drone operators, I marvel at the current commercial and recreational applications as well as the potential for the future. The FAA estimates there are 1.9 million drones used by hobbyists in the U.S. today. By 2020, this number is expected to rise to 4.3 million, showing the huge growth potential for this fledgling industry.Related: Walmart Wants Drones in Stores Shopping for YouBut before this industry expands further, there are a few very valid concerns we need to address. Even as a newcomer, I can immediately recognize the responsibility drone operators need in regards to safety and privacy. As unmanned aerial vehicles become ubiquitous, the technology will move faster than the laws meant to regulate the industry. Thus, it’s crucial that the drone industry is proactive at self-regulation. This includes collaboration between manufacturers to create an industry standards board to oversee the implementation of enhanced safety software, as well as the education for drone operators, and the public, about drone usage.This may create more obstacles for the industry’s short term profits, but its long-range sustainability will be given the chance to flourish when the public sees drones as a beneficial tool, not some snooping eye in the sky.We’ve all heard the stories of drones spying on sunbathing women. As cliché as it is, this happened to my wife while she was on our “private” deck and a drone suddenly appeared above her. While Americans recognize the benefits of drones, especially when used for search and rescue purposes or safety inspection, privacy infringement concerns remain due to misuse of the technology.The government is trying to keep pace. There are state laws in place that outlaw using a drone to capture images of either a nude or partially nude person. But the keywording in these laws is “capturing images” because states can’t dictate where drones can legally fly. These flight path regulations are determined by the FAA, which doesn’t deal with privacy issues, only airborne safety.These sets of guidelines and state laws are inconsistent across the country and lack enforcement, which opens the door for non-compliance. With these challenges comes opportunity. If the drone industry can be proactive by rolling out systems that protect public privacy and safety, it can avoid public backlash as widespread drone usage increases.Related: UPS Tests Drone-Based Package DeliveriesTo keep hobbyist and commercial drones seen as a positive tool, the industry needs to add software that makes it readily apparent when a drone is filming. This could include loud beeps every 10 seconds while recording or every time a drone takes a photo, as well as including bright flashing lights to make it more visible to anyone on the ground. While this does not address government or law enforcement surveillance, it’s a step in the right direction for privacy protection in the hobbyist and commercial markets.While peeping on women dominates the headlines, there is also the potential for much more serious safety concerns. Manufacturers have taken some initiative on protecting public safety by installing collision avoidance algorithms. But the current technology only works if the drone is flying forward, not while ascending, or flying sideways or backwards. Perfecting this safety system will help alleviate concerns regarding collisions with aircraft, people, powerlines and other drones.Geofencing software is also currently available in most high-end consumer drones to limit flying in restricted airspace. DJI, the market leader in the recreational sector, has led the charge with this technology, due in large part to a DJI drone crashing on the White House lawn in 2015. By perfecting this technology and making it ubiquitous across all models, the industry can keep critical airspace uncrowded and decrease public safety concerns. One other major challenge we face is getting drone pilots, young and old, to think and act like commercial airline pilots. These pilots follow safety procedures that have been honed over the past 100 years, including a keen understanding of how human factors, technological limitations and safety systems are interrelated. While the FAA does require drone operators to pass a series of exams for commercial use, the same is not required for hobbyists.The lack of proper training leads to major safety concerns. If any teenager in America (and beyond) can get a drone for Christmas or their birthday, what systems are in place to ensure they use it safely? I’m not trying to suggest that every single drone owner needs to take extensive FAA courses in order to fly. But we do need a standardized training course of high-level safety points as well as a primer on local, state and federal laws.Related: Drone Accidents: Not Your Fault?The sky is the limit for the growth of the drone industry. The issues that could lead to public backlash or government intervention are known. Now it’s up to us as pilots — and the industry as a whole — to prevent this from happening by self-regulating while the government plays catchup.With improved hardware and software that’s pervasive across different manufacturers and models, we can ease privacy and safety concerns. Meanwhile, standardizing basic education will help bring a sense of professionalism and accountability to all new pilots. This is not something we do soon, this is something we need to do now to ensure this transformative technology continues to grow and improve virtually every aspect of our work and lives. Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. 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